한류문화 전파 문화탐방 취재일지
기록리더 : Lim chae won
기록리더 학교 : Seoul Samyook middle school
취재 날짜 : 2016.07.30
취재 장소 : Donggureung
취재 제목 : beautiful tomb, Donggureung
문화재 취재내용 :
Donggureung Royal Tombs
The name “Donggureung” means nine royal tombs located in the east of Hanyang (currently Seoul), and they are the resting place of Joseon’s seven
kings and 10 queens. The tombs suggest a change in the shape of royal tombs of Josen as they were constructed over the entire period of the Joseon Dynasty after the establishment of the royal tomb of King Taejo, the founder of Joseon, called “Geonwonneung”. As tombs ere added, the area was called “Dongoreung” (meaning east five royal tombs) and then “Dongchilneung” (meaning east seven royal tombs). When the Sureung Royal Tomb was relocated here in 1855 (the 6th year of King Cheoljong), it started to be called “Donggureung”. The Donggureung Royal tombs were designated as Historic Sit No. 1936 in 1970 and listed as a UNESCO World Heritage in 2009.
East Nine Royal Tombs, Guri
Histroic Site No.193
After the demise of King Taejo, the founder and the 1st monarch of the Joseon Dynasty in 1408, the king Taejong, the 3rd monarch of the dynasty, built royal tomb for the King Taejo at this location. Throughout the Joseon Dynasty, other kings and queens were buried here also, As a result, there are total of 9 royal tombs in this site.
Geonwolleung : The tomb of King Taejo, the 1st monarch.
Hyeolleung : The tomb of King Munjong, the 5th monarch and Queen Hyeondeok.
Mongneung : The tomb of King Seonjo, the 14the monarch, Queen Uiin and his 2nd Qeen Inmok.
Hwireung : The tomb of Queen Danui, queen to Gyeongjng, the 20the monarch.
Wolleung : The tomb of Yeongjo, the 21st monarch and the 2nd Queen Jeongsun.
Sureung : The tomb of posthumous Emperor Munjo and Empress Sinjeong.
Gyeongneung : The tomb of Emperor Heonjong, the 24th monarch. Empress Hyohyeon and the second Empress Hyojeong.
In accordance with pungsu, Donggureung has Mt. Geomam as the guardian mountain Jusan at the rear, and the most of the royal burial mounds are located on the halfway up the hill. It also features topographical elements, including a symbolic blue dragon on the left and white tiger to the right and the opposite mountain overlooking from site of the burial mounds to the south.
Donggureung with the area of 196ha shows various types of burial mounds. These are Dalleung, the grave mounds the king and queen are side by side on the hill; Dongwonigangneung the separated mounds king and queen are side by side on the adjacent hills running from the same guardian mountain; Hapjangneung the bodies of king and queen are burried under the same mound; and Samyeolleung the triple parallel mounds of a king and his queens are on the same hill.
Oeyeonji Pond of the Donggureung Royal Tombs
The exact year of its construction is not known, but the record in Seungjeongwon ilgi (Journal of the Royal Secretariat) written on February 25, 1688 (the 12th year of King Sukjng) appears to be the earliest record mentioning Oeyeonji Pond.
According to Chungwantonggo (Comprehensive Record of the Ministry of Rites) and Geowonneungji (Record of the Geonwonneung Royal Tomb), the scale of Oeyeonji Pond was 70 cheok ong and 52 cheok wide.
느낀 점 :
The Royal Tomb of Joseon Dynasty, in recognition of their outstanding universal value as a cultural legacy of humanity, have been inscribed on the UNESCO world heritage List in accordance with the Convention Concerning the Protection of World Cultural and Natural Heritage.
The Royal Tomb of the Joseon Dynasty comprise 40 burial grounds the kings and queens of the Joseon period (1392~1910). the royal burials grounds are sacred places, where traditional Korean architecture and nature are beautifully harmonized.
They are living cultural legacies with royal ancestral rites still performed in an authentic manner. Date of Inscription June 30. 2009.
You can also find another set of royal tombs, like the one I mentioned before, in Hongyureng of Namyangju. Lain are the tombs of the emperor Ko-jong and empress Myeong-seong, the last crown couple of Chosun Dynasty. You can say that Chosun Dynasty started and ended in the city of Guri-Namyangju. You will be fascinated by the view from Sujong temple overlooking the Han River, which was built 1000 years ago.
문화재를 찾아가는 교통편 :
It is located in Guri-si, Donggudong. You can reach Gyomun District if you go from the Sangbong Bus Terminal along Route 46 and go over Mang-u-ri Hill. From Gyomun District, you can Yugong Petrol station on your right and the parking lot for Donggureung on your left if you make a left turn and go about 1.9km through Route 46. The parking lot can hold several large buses in addition to family vehicles, and there are many places to eat, rest, or spend the night. Bus 202, an all-seat bus, goes from Seoul Chyeongryangli Market to Donggureung over Mang-u-ri Hill with a 5~10 minute term. City Bus 1-1 is available in Gwangjang District to Donggureung with a 1-hour term.